Setting Goals
In business, goal setting has the advantages of encouraging participants to put in substantial effort; and, because every member has defined expectations set upon him or her, little room is left for inadequate effort going unnoticed.

Managers cannot be constantly able to drive motivation and keep track of an employee's work on a continuous basis. Goals are therefore an important tool for managers since goals have the ability to function as a self-regulatory mechanism that acquires an employee a certain amount of guidance.

1.Goals focus attention towards goal-relevant activities and away from goal-irrelevant activities.

2.Goals serve as an energizer; higher goals will induce greater effort while low goals induce lesser effort.

3.Goals affect persistence; constraints with regard to resources will affect work pace.

4.Goals activate cognitive knowledge and strategies which allows employees to cope with the situation at hand.